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Covid 19 Ophthalmology for Animals - June 14, 2021

We are pleased to announce that we will begin taking steps to reopen our offices to allow for face to face visits.

The safety of our clients and employees is our highest priority and we will continue to review all available CAL/OSHA and CDC recommendations as we work towards welcoming you back inside. We ask that you please be patient with us as the rules and regulations can change quickly.

Only Vaccinated people with DVM appointments will be allowed into the building at this time, and you may choose whether or not to enter the building.

In order to keep everyone safe all persons will be required to wear a face mask indoors

Our office can only accommodate one client per pet inside of our office as it will be difficult to maintain the proper distancing at all times. You will be asked to answer some questions prior to coming inside.

Allowing inside visits will periodically impact processes and wait times.

Plexiglas shields will be installed at our front desks and hepa filtration systems will be running throughout the building.

We ask that everyone maintains the social distancing practices and utilize the hand sanitizers at the front door and within the hospital.

Once again Masks will be required inside until further notice.

Medication pickups will still be curbside.

When you arrive for your appointment, you may choose to check in via phone or text.

Please do not enter the building without an escort at any time.

Thank you for your continued patience! We look forward to seeing you soon.

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) or “Dry Eye”

dry eye kcsWhat is KCS?

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is a disease characterized by inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva (pink tissue covering the whites of the eyes and the inside of the eyelids) secondary to inadequate tear production by the tear glands. When an inadequate level of tears is present, debris and bacteria (that are normally washed away by the tears) build up and a thick mucous discharge forms. The disease is usually caused by inflammation of the lacrimal glands, but can also be caused by the toxic effect of certain drugs on the lacrimal glands or by lack of nerve innervation to the lacrimal glands.

How do I know if my pet has KCS?

Redness, squinting or blinking, and discharge are early signs of disease and indicate irritation and discomfort. Chronic cases will develop pigmentation and scarring of the cornea. The most common sign is a thick yellow-green ocular discharge. Normal tears are necessary to provide nutrition and oxygen to the cornea as well as prevent bacterial overgrowth. Redness, cloudiness, and squinting are signs of irritation due to inadequate tears. Thick discharge develops when the tears are not present to wash away bacteria and debris on the surface of the eye.

How is KCS treated?

Treatment is aimed at promoting your pet’s tear production, reducing inflammation, and supplementing the inadequate tears. Lacrimostimulants are medications that stimulate tear production by the tear glands and decrease inflammation, including cyclosporine and tacrolimus. These medications can take 4-6 weeks before a maximal response is seen, and it is important to supplement the tears at least until that time. Artificial tears work for 30 minutes or so and can be used to supplement tear stimulants.

Parotid duct transposition is a surgical option that can be considered in cases that are non-responsive to medications.

Prognosis depends on your pet’s response to therapy. About 80% of patients with KCS respond favorably to topical lacrimostimulants. Most pets begin to feel better within several days of initiating therapy. Dogs with allergies, poor eyelid conformation, a pronounced globe, or ear disease tend to have more difficult disease.

Visit www.ACVO.org for more information.

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Request an appointment with one of our veterinarian specialists to see how we can help you and your beloved pet.

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